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FR

Masquette en or

Or
Indonésie, Java, Ie siècle avant J.-C. – IIe siècle après J.-C. Ou Philippines, Xe – XIIIe siècle Haut. 12 Larg. 8,5 cm

Des masques funéraires en or de ce type furent retrouvés dans d’anciens lieux de sépulture en Indonésie et aux Philippines, où l’on considérait que les objets d’apparat précieux avaient autant d’importance dans la vie que dans la mort. L’or inhumé avec le défunt garantissait son statut et sa richesse qui seraient également reconnus dans l’au-delà. Découpés dans l’or battu, les masques funéraires pouvaient recouvrir tout le visage, ou y souligner les traits principaux.

Pour des exemples comparables, voir : Miksic, J. (2011) Old Javanese Gold – The Hunter Thompson Collection at the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven & Londres : Yale University Press, p. 92 à 98.

EN

Gold mask

Gold
Indonesia, Java, 1st century B.C.E – 2nd century C.E. Or Philippines, 10th – 13th century Height 12 Width 8,5 cm

Funerary face covers of this type were found in former burial sites in Indonesia and the Philippines, where precious items had an important meaning, during life as much as in the afterlife. Gold pieces buried with the deceased guaranteed his social status and wealth, as weel as in the hereafter. Cut in beaten gold, these funerary masks could cover the entire face or underline its main features. They could also help to hold the soul of the deceased and to prevent it from wandering in the world of the livings and disturbing it.

For related examples, see: Miksic, J. (2011) Old Javanese Gold – The Hunter Thompson Collection at the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven & London: Yale University Press, p. 92 to 98.